Worldwide, the black seed is known under different names.In Russia it is known as Posevnaya Chelebitka, in England - Black Cumin, Germany - Echter Schwarzkummel, France - Nigelle de Crete.
It is assumed that originates from the Mediterranean, Balkans, Southwest Asia and the Caucasus. In Central Europe cultivate significant areas.
The black cumin seeds contain up to 1.4% essential oil with a slightly unpleasant flavor, up to 34% yellowish orange oil, containing the glycerides of myristic, palmitic and stearic acid. The black seed also contains 1.5% of the sanitized substance melatonin, bitter substance nigelin, tanning substances, mineral salts, lipase enzymes and peroxidase.
In the seeds it has also been found and an unknown content of a substance that acts on a gram - positive and gram - negative bacteria. From the seeds of the Egyptian plant is isolated thymoquinone and found that it possesses choleretic action.
In folk medicine, black seed is used in gastrointestinal diseases such as diuretics and laxatives.
"Naturial" selected several tested recipes with black seed:
One teaspoon of the plant (leaves and stalk) pour 450 g of boiling water, steep for 30 minutes, then cooling strain. Admission is 3 x 50 ml before meals - dose for 3 days. Use only under medical supervision.
50 g of black seed is placed in 500 ml of 75% alcohol. A bottle with a wide throat is used that closes well. Place the bottle on the window sill so that the light shines well. Shake the bottle once a day. After 14 days, the mixture is drained and distilled water is made up to 20% alcohol.
A tincture is suitable for cleaning the skin and the whole body, rubbed vigorously. If the skin remains dry, then smeared with body lotion
Black seeds help form gastric juice, act diuretically, help menstruation. Black cumin can also be used as a spice or as a component of a healthy tea.